From an anthropological perspective, humans are all racist and have always been racist.
Evolutionary anthropologists call racism
"parochialism" and "in-group favoritism" and show it to be a fundamental
characteristic in species, including primates and humans, that form
hierarchical social orders. This anthropological understanding informs
us that the "solution" is NOT language control, which suppresses
individual influence and strengthens high-gradient hierarchical
oppression, but rather more occasions to interact without state-imposed
rules intended to enhance state dominance.
The interactions lead to both
stable ethnic communities and mixing communities, depending on the
circumstances, whereas increasing state control and pervasive
suppression of individuals and targeted-class groups leads to increasing
violence and empire collapse.
In the context of US imperialism in the Middle East: Racist sentiments against Muslims or against Jews are both real
phenomena. Humans have human reactions. The best way to address
differences is by communication, debate, argument, and free expression.
The problems arise when the state uses force against a person's
expression and interpreted thoughts or emotions. The politics (social
correctness pressures) of using accusations of "Islamophobia" or
"antisemitism" are often dirty (manipulative, dishonest, etc.). The
state should not be allowed to suppress that social politics between
individuals; except to prevent the abuses of corporations controlled by
elites with disproportionate means, funded lobbyists, etc. The state
should protect individual freedom of expression, not attack it with
speech and thought-crime laws or laws that allow the powerful to silence